Estonia Fast Facts

Estonia Fast Facts

Estonia is located on the Baltic Sea and borders Russia and Latvia. The Baltic country has beautiful national parks and is a very interesting and inexpensive travel destination, especially for nature lovers. Estonia sees itself as a digital society from which many Western European countries could learn a lesson. See Andyeducation for education in Estonia.

Capital City Tallinn
Size 45,339 km²
Resident 1,319,133
Official Language Estonian
Currency Euro
Time Zone UTC+2/+3
Telephone Area Code +372

Fast facts to know

  • Although Estonia is larger than Denmark or Holland, only 1.3 million people live in Estonia.
  • Many languages ​​are spoken in Estonia, such as English, Russian, Finnish and German.
  • The capital Tallinn is the best preserved medieval city in Northern Europe.
  • There are more than 2,000 islands in Estonia.
  • More than 50% of the country is forested, there are more than 1,400 lakes and 7,000 rivers.
  • There is a football pitch at Orissaare Stadium that has a majestic tree growing on it – it was voted European Tree of the Year 2015.
  • Estonia is considered a digital society.
  • Bureaucracy in Estonia is almost completely paperless.
  • In Estonia you can pay for parking meters with your cell phone.
  • Religion doesn’t play a big role in Estonia.
  • There are more meteorite craters per square kilometer in Estonia than in any other country in the world.
  • Folk songs play an important role for Estonians.
  • Estonians love saunas.
  • The Estonian language knows 14 grammatical cases – in German there are just four.
  • Estonia has the lowest debt ratio in the EU.
  • German nationals are recommended to register in the crisis prevention list in order to be able to contact them quickly in an emergency.
  • The tourist infrastructure outside of Tallinn is mostly simple but satisfactory.
  • Basic medical care is guaranteed and usually corresponds to European standards.

Exciting cities in Estonia

  • Tallinn
  • paernu
  • Tartu
  • Kuressaare
  • Haapsalu

History of Estonia

  • First settled around 11,000 years ago.
  • Since 1219 changing foreign rulers under the Danes, the Teutonic Knights, under Poland-Lithuania, Sweden and Russia.
  • 1918-1940 first independence.
  • This is followed by occupations by the Soviet Union, Nazi Germany and again the Soviet Union, which only ends in 1991.
  • In 1990 Estonia declared itself a republic again.
  • 1991 The Soviet Union recognizes Estonia’s independence.
  • 2004 Accession to NATO and the EU.
  • 2011 Euro introduction.

Climate & travel weather in Estonia

  • Continental, cool temperate climate with maritime influences.
  • Very long, very cold winters with lots of snow.
  • Average daily temperatures do not rise above freezing in the winter months.
  • Longer, dry periods with higher temperatures in summer.
  • Recommended travel time:
    • Late spring and summer (midsummer with up to 19 days of daylight).
    • Rather unsuitable for autumn and winter (wet, cold, little daylight).

Ideas for trips in Estonia

  • Recreation center Vana-Veski
  • Rakvere castle ruins
  • Alutaguse Adventure Park
  • Wellness island Saaremaa
  • Narva Castle
  • The Leaning Art Museum in Tartu
  • Spa house in Haapsalu
  • Kuressaare Castle on Saaremaa island
  • Kopu Lighthouse
  • Scary Rakvere Castle
  • Bear watching in Alutaguse
  • Canoeing & Moorshoe Hike
  • The Treasury of the University of Tartu

Eating & drinking in Estonia

  • Cuisine with German, Scandinavian and Russian influences.
  • Is considered down-to-earth, hearty and substantial.
  • Fish, mushrooms and berries are served alongside meat and sausages.
  • Pork is the most commonly eaten type of meat.
  • Fruits and vegetables are mostly self-cultivated.
  • Estonians love to eat soup.
  • In winter there are often sauerkraut, oven roast, aspic, black pudding, hearty soups and stews.
  • In summer there is a preference for fresh fish such as fried or smoked plaice, lightly salted whitefish, smoked herring, bream and eel.
  • There is hearty black bread with almost every meal (even used for soups (bread soup), as dessert (bread pudding) or as a drink (potash)).
  • Traditionally, warm meals are served in the morning (pancakes, potato pancakes, scrambled eggs, omelettes).
  • Popular spice: Kama (coarse powder made from roasted barley, oats and rye, peas and black beans).
  • The main meal is lunch.
  • Favorite side dish: potatoes.
  • Warm meals are also served in the evenings (e.g. pancakes filled with meat, quark or mushrooms and potato salad with boiled carrots, peas, pickles, onions, cream and mayonnaise).
  • Coffee is common.
  • Estonians love beer, but they also drink vodka and liqueurs.
  • Popular: Kali (lemonade-like drink).
  • Kefir and buttermilk are also very popular.
  • Typical dishes:
    • Milk soup with fish
    • Sült (aspic, pork in aspic).
    • Kilud (Spiced Herring).
    • Seljanka (meat and sausage soup analogous to solyanka).
    • Pannkoogid (savory pancakes).
    • Pirukad (dumplings filled with meat and vegetables).
    • Hernesupp (pea soup).
    • Kapsarullid (cabbage rolls stuffed with minced meat).
    • Taidetud Basikarind (stuffed roast veal).
    • Taidetud Basikarind (Stuffed Roast Veal).
    • Rossolye (pickled herring with beets).
    • Leivasupp (rye bread soup with honey, apple pieces and raisins).
    • Meatball soup (meatballs, with vegetables, small noodles, parsley, leeks and dill).
    • Hapukapsabors (borscht with sauerkraut).
    • Heeringas hapukoore ja sibulaga (herring with sour cream and onions).
    • Mulgi kapsad (stewed pork with sauerkraut and pearl barley).
    • Mulgi puder pekikastmega (mashed potatoes with ham broth).
    • Saslik (spicy meat skewers).
    • Silgurulid (rolled herring with carrots, onions and pepper).
    • Verivorst (blood sausage).

Particularly scenic

  • Soomaa National Park
  • Lahemaa National Park
  • Otepää Nature Park
  • Estonia’s beautiful islands:
    • Prangli
    • Saaremaa
    • Hiiumaa
    • Kihnu
    • ruhnu
    • Vormsi

Estonia Fast Facts