Greece Public Finance

Greece Public Finance

Among the Hellenistic states, Egypt holds the first place for the excellence of its financial organization, the fundamental features of which date back to the ancient era of the Pharaohs, but it was perfected by the first Ptolemies, who developed and technically improved the system tax, so as to affect all the resources of the […]

Greece Sculpture 12

Greece Sculpture Part 12

It is more difficult to establish the place that competes in Hellenistic sculpture in Alexandria. Certainly Alexandrian was the original of the statue of the Nile in the Vatican, where the mighty reclining figure of the river, with a somewhat melancholy face, stands out on those of the 16 children who climb or play around […]

Greece Sculpture 11

Greece Sculpture Part 11

Following comparisons, other works could be ascribed to the first phase of parchment sculpture: the group of Menelaus and Patroclus, known from various copies, including the famous torso of Pasquino, the “Arrotino” of Florence, that is an intent Scythian to grind the knife to skin Marsyas, the figure of Marsyas hanging in its two separate […]

Greece Sculpture 10

Greece Sculpture Part 10

According to, the current of Praxiteles is represented especially by his two sons, much inferior to him, Cefisodotus the younger and Timarchus. Their grand parent’s style becomes mannered; this can be seen in the residues of the plastic decoration of the Asclepieus of Kos, due precisely to them. Refined sweetness, with the consequent nuance, is […]

Greece Sculpture 09

Greece Sculpture Part 9

Around the great triad, other artists and not mediocre ones. Trasimedes di Paro, author of the chryselephantine simulacrum of Asclepius for the temple of the god in Epidaurus; memories of this simulacrum are in votive reliefs. Euphoric of the Isthmus, which flourished in the first half of the century. IV, painter and toreuta as well […]

Greece Sculpture 08

Greece Sculpture Part 8

A series of sculptural works can be mentioned, in which it seems that the imprint of Scopa’s art should be felt, if not direct, mediated: the Heracles already in the Lansdowne collection, in which, in the weighting and treatment of the nude, the polycleteus influence; the type of the so-called Meleager, especially known from the […]

Greece Sculpture 07

Greece Sculpture Part 7

Two Attic friezes can be adduced for the relief, that of the temple of Athena Níkē and that, the fragments of which are now distributed between Vienna and Berlin. The fidiac style is softening, almost foreshadowing or preparing the graces of the Praxitelean style; this is felt in the votive and funerary reliefs, in those […]

Greece Sculpture 06

Greece Sculpture Part 6

In the meantime, other artists’ tempers were flourishing in Athens. Licio and Cresila are worth mentioning. Licio, son of Mirone, remains faithful to his father’s address. Perhaps the original of the anointing athlete was by Licio, marble from the Glyptothek of Monaco, where in the anatomical treatment it is dryness of the planes, with cut […]

Greece Sculpture 05

Greece Sculpture Part 5

But the art of Phidias can be recognized in a complex of figured marbles; however, it should be noted that modern hypercritics have expressed doubts about their trustworthy character either in whole or in some parts. We mean the marbles of the Parthenon, or rather that part of the figurative decoration of the distinguished building […]

Greece Sculpture 02

Greece Sculpture Part 2

Next to the incunabules of the all-round sculpture are the incunabules of the relief, both of the not very protruding one, such as the procession of tiny knights on very high steeds and the series of beautiful figures of the temple A of Prinià, and of the very high one, such as the funerary steles […]

Greece Sculpture 01

Greece Sculpture Part 1

The first monuments of sculpture in the Aegean basin are offered by schematic, rudimentary idols of various materials (stone, terracotta, bone, lead, etc.) which are found in very ancient pre-Hellenic Eneolithic layers. The series of these idols include those, mostly female and naked, of the Cycladic civilization, carved in marble. Some of them reach quite […]

Greece Music 2

Greece Music

Even during the 1950s, the Greek music scene can be said to be dominated by the principles of the ” national school ”, which arose at the beginning of the 20th century (remember the manifesto-article by Greece Lambelèt, La Musica Nazionale, which appeared in 1901 in Panathìnea magazine) and with M. Kalomiris (1883-1962) as its […]